How Conditioning Orifice Plates Work

Custom Search

Over the years, in many industries especially the natural gas industry, the orifice plate has become the de facto flow meter for measuring flow. In many liquid, steam or gas application, the standard orifice plate with a bore at the centre of the plate is being used with considerable operational reliability and accuracy.

However, standard orifice plates performance are affected by flow distorters such as elbows, tees which introduces flow distortions in the flow stream necessitating some flow conditioning to maintain accuracy. Flow conditioning in standard orifice plate applications can either be  by way of a flow conditioner or lengthy straight pipe runs requirement that are often difficult to achieve in practical situations. 

Conditioning Orifice Plates Standards & Technology
Conditioning Orifice Plates are differential producers used to measure flow in a pipe. Conditioning Orifice Plate Technology is based on the same Bernoulli streamline energy equation

How to Install a Flow meter - Best Installation Practices

Custom Search

Flow measurement is arguably one of the most frequent tasks in any industrial environment. Apart from design challenges to ensure a good metering system, there are also installation challenges. No matter how good a design for a given flow metering system is, if the installation is not in accordance with best practices, such a flow meter will not deliver on reliability, performance and accuracy.

In non-fiscal and non-custody transfer applications, flow meters are rarely calibrated and are often left in situ for many years without any thought to their accuracy. In these applications, accuracy is not often the stated goal but maybe repeatability for control purposes but even at that some care and attention still need to be given the flow measurement set up 

However in custody transfer applications attention needs to be given to the way and manner the flow meter system is installed. Sadly, in too many instances, the initial installation is often so poorly undertaken, without any regard to basic installation practices. It is therefore highly unlikely that these flow meters will ever meet the manufacturer's stated accuracy. The data

How a Flow Conditioner Works - Flow Conditioning Basics

Custom Search

The accuracy of most flow meters depends on the flow profile of the substance in the piping system. Upstream disturbances have been observed to have the greatest  impact on the flow profile of the flow stream which in turn affects flow meter accuracy. The desired flow profile can be achieved in a typical installation without flow conditioning using 25 to 40 pipe diameters of straight run piping before the flow element and about 4 or 5 pipe diameters downstream of the element. These requirements vary quite considerably according to the upstream (and downstream) disturbances and the beta ratio.  In most practical application of flow measurement, it is not always possible to provide sufficient straight run to secure a “fully developed flow profile. What practical solution then exists if sufficient straight run pipe is not achievable?  The engineering solution is always some form of flow conditioning using devices called flow conditioners.

Recommended Minimum Straight Run Pipe Lengths without Flow Conditioner
Where sufficient straight run pipe lengths can be provided, a flow conditioner is